Top Benefits of Electric Cars You Should Know Of

Rahul Jha
Rahul Jha

Updated on: 23rd June, 2023 IST

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Top Benefits of Electric Cars You Should Know Of

In the world of automotive marvels, where the gears of innovation constantly turn, a new phenomenon has emerged - the rise of electric cars. These cutting-edge marvels of engineering have taken the motoring world by storm, presenting a paradigm shift that goes beyond the ordinary.

In this blog, we'll look into the benefits of electric cars, unearthing a multitude of advantages that illuminate the roads ahead. With their zero-emission nature, electric cars are set to become the catalysts of change, soothing the planet's weary soul with each kilometre they travel. 

What are the Advantages of Electric Cars?

Electric cars have emerged as a transformative force in the automotive industry, offering a myriad of advantages that propel us towards a greener and more sustainable future. From environmental friendliness and cost savings to enhanced performance and reduced dependence on fossil fuels, electric cars present a host of benefits that revolutionise the way we drive and contribute to a cleaner planet.

Here are some of the key advantages of making a shift to electric cars: 

  • Environmental Friendliness, Global Impact, and Climate Change Mitigation

Electric cars have gained significant attention for their positive impact on the environment. They produce zero tailpipe emissions, meaning no harmful pollutants are released into the air during operation.

According to a study by the Union of Concerned Scientists, electric cars produce less than half the emissions of conventional fuel-powered cars, even when accounting for electricity generation from fossil fuels. This reduction in emissions contributes to improved air quality, particularly in congested urban areas, and helps combat climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Lower Operating Costs

One of the most enticing advantages of electric cars is their lower operating costs compared to conventional vehicles. Electricity is generally cheaper than petrol or diesel, resulting in significant savings in fuel expenses. Studies have shown that electric cars can be up to three times more energy-efficient than their internal combustion engine counterparts, meaning they require less energy to travel the same distance. 

Also, electric cars have fewer moving parts and do not require oil changes or engine tune-ups, reducing maintenance costs over time. 

  • Energy Efficiency

Electric motors are highly efficient, converting a greater percentage of energy from the battery into powering the wheels compared to internal combustion engines. While traditional fuel engines are known for their energy loss through heat, electric motors are much more efficient in converting electrical energy into motion. This improved energy efficiency translates into better mileage range. 

  • Government Incentives

To encourage the adoption of electric vehicles, governments around the world, including India, offer various incentives and initiatives to make electric cars more attractive to consumers. These incentives often include financial benefits such as tax credits, rebates, grants, or subsidies.

In India, the government has launched the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme, which provides subsidies to both manufacturers and consumers to promote electric vehicle adoption. 

  • Quiet and Smooth Operation

Electric cars offer a uniquely serene and quiet driving experience. Unlike internal combustion engines, which produce noise and vibrations during operation, electric motors operate virtually silently. This absence of engine noise enhances passenger comfort and reduces noise pollution, especially in urban environments. 

Without the need for gear shifts or engine revving, electric cars provide seamless and responsive performance. As a result, driving an electric vehicle feels effortless and serene, allowing passengers to enjoy a peaceful journey. 

  • Instant Torque

Unlike internal combustion engines that output peak torque only at certain RPMs (revolutions per minute), electric motors offer instant and constant torque delivery. This translates into swift acceleration and responsive performance, allowing electric cars to zip past traditional vehicles effortlessly. 

  • Renewable Energy Integration

Electric cars provide an opportunity for renewable energy integration. By harnessing clean energy sources such as solar or wind power, owners can charge their electric vehicles using renewable electricity. This synergy between electric cars and renewable energy promotes sustainability and reduces the carbon footprint associated with transportation.

  • Reduced Dependence on Fossil Fuels

In India, where fossil fuel imports account for a significant portion of the energy demand, transitioning to electric cars offers energy security and independence. By using electricity as the primary energy source for transportation, we can tap into various energy generation methods, including renewables like solar and wind, reducing our vulnerability to price fluctuations and geopolitical tensions associated with fossil fuel imports.

  • Regenerative Braking

Electric cars often feature regenerative braking technology, which is an innovative system that converts kinetic energy into electrical energy while braking or decelerating. 

When the driver applies the brakes, the electric motor switches into generator mode, capturing the kinetic energy that would otherwise be wasted as heat in traditional braking systems. This captured energy is then stored in the vehicle's battery for later use. 

  • Lower Maintenance Requirements

Electric cars have lower maintenance requirements compared to traditional petrol or diesel vehicles. This is primarily due to their simpler mechanical architecture and fewer moving parts. 

Here are some factors contributing to the lower maintenance needs of electric cars:

  • Fewer Fluids - Electric cars do not have engines that require oil changes, coolant replacements, or transmission fluids.
  • Brake Wear Reduction - Regenerative braking, as mentioned earlier, reduces wear and tear on the brake pads and discs.
  • Simpler Drivetrain - Electric cars have a simpler drivetrain compared to internal combustion engines, which means there are fewer components susceptible to wear and malfunction.
  • Fewer Tune-ups - Electric motors have fewer components that require regular maintenance, such as spark plugs, filters, or timing belts.
  • Improved Air Quality - Electric cars don't release pollutants like nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, or volatile organic compounds which contribute to respiratory diseases and worsen air quality, especially in densely populated cities.
  • Reduced Noise Pollution - Electric vehicles operate quietly compared to traditional combustion engine cars, which is beneficial in urban areas, where noise pollution can negatively impact mental health and overall well-being.
  • Healthier Communities - The shift towards electric cars ultimately leads to healthier and cleaner communities. By reducing air and noise pollution, electric vehicles create a more pleasant and sustainable living environment.
  • Access to Low-Emission Zones - To combat air pollution, many cities around the world, including some in India, such as the Taj Mahal in Agra, the Statue of Unity in Kevadia, and the ecologically sensitive hill station of Matheran—have implemented low-emission zones or congestion charging zones.
  • Long-Term Savings - The combination of fuel cost savings, reduced maintenance expenses, tax incentives, and potential resale value ensures that electric cars offer not just environmental benefits but also financial advantages over time.
  • Charging Flexibility

One of the advantages of owning an electric car is the flexibility it offers in terms of charging options. From charging at home to public charging stations, electric cars don’t rely on petrol pumps for a refill. And while charging stations are still scarce, their numbers are on the rise. Add to this connected apps that help you find charging stations, in a few years they will be as abundant as regular fuel stations. 

  • Technological Advancements

Electric cars are at the forefront of technological advancements in the automotive industry. Manufacturers are constantly working on increasing battery capacity, improving charging speeds, range, and enhancing overall battery performance. 

Electric cars are often equipped with advanced connectivity features, allowing drivers to connect their vehicles to smartphones and other devices. These features enable remote monitoring and control, access to charging information, navigation assistance, and over-the-air software updates.

  • Enhanced Safety Features

Electric cars prioritise safety, offering advanced features that provide peace of mind for drivers and passengers such as Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS). These systems use sensors and cameras to enhance driver safety by providing alerts and assisting in avoiding collisions. Battery packs on electric vehicles are also equipped with safety features such as thermal management systems, battery management systems, and robust enclosures to prevent overheating, short circuits, and other potential risks.

In addition to this, electric vehicles tend to have a lower centre of gravity due to the placement of heavy battery packs in the floor, which improves stability and reduces the risk of rollovers, and consistently performed well in crash tests conducted by organisations such as Euro NCAP and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).

Fun Facts, Stats, And Trivia About Electric Cars

  1. The first electric car was developed in the late 19th century by Thomas Parker, an English inventor and engineer. It was powered by lead-acid batteries and had a top speed of about 32 km/h.
  1. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), global electric car sales surpassed 3 million units in 2020, representing a 43% increase compared to the previous year.
  1. Tesla, founded by Elon Musk in 2003, played a crucial role in popularising electric cars. Its Model S became the best-selling electric car worldwide in 2015, and Tesla continues to lead the market in terms of innovation and technology. 
  1. The growth of electric vehicles is accompanied by an expansion of charging infrastructure. As of 2021, India had over 1,300 public charging stations, and the government has set a target of 4,000 stations by 2026.
  1. China is currently the largest electric car market in the world, with over 5 million electric cars on its roads.
  1. The International Energy Agency projects that by 2030, there could be 145 million electric cars on the world's roads, representing approximately 7% of the global car fleet.

The Bottom Line

In a world where progress intertwines with environmental responsibility, electric cars emerge as the shining beacons of a cleaner and more sustainable future. With their silent hum and powerful thrust, they transcend the boundaries of conventional mobility, transporting us towards a world where nature and technology harmoniously coexist.

FAQs

Q. What are the advantages of electric cars?

The advantages of electric cars include their environmental friendliness, lower operating costs, energy efficiency, government incentives, quiet and smooth operation, instant torque, and renewable energy integration.

Q. Are electric vehicles good or bad?

Electric vehicles are considered good because they reduce air pollution, offer lower operating costs, contribute to energy independence, provide a quieter driving experience, and promote technological advancements in the automotive industry.

Q. Why are electric vehicles the future?

Electric vehicles are destined to become the future of automobiles due to global efforts to combat climate change, advancements in battery technology, decreasing production costs, expanding charging infrastructure, and government support for electric vehicle adoption.

Q. Why do we need electric cars in India?

India needs electric cars to address air pollution, reduce dependence on imported fossil fuels, comply with emission standards, promote sustainable transportation, and create job opportunities.

Q. What is the future of electric cars in India?

The future of electric cars in India looks promising with government targets, incentives, expanding charging infrastructure, affordable models, and increasing consumer awareness.

Q. What are the features of electric cars?

Electric cars feature an electric motor propulsion system, lithium-ion battery packs, regenerative braking, plug-in charging capabilities, enhanced safety features, connectivity options, energy monitoring displays, quiet operation, instant torque, and eco-friendly materials.

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