Understanding Car Tyre Types: Features & Choosing the Right Tyre

Rahul Jha
Rahul Jha

Updated on: 20th May, 2024 IST

Tyres for cars in India

In the glorious pages of the history of transportation, the evolution of the wheel traces back to Lower Mesopotamia in the 4th millennium BC. Fast forward to 1888, Scottish veterinarian John Boyd Dunlop revolutionised travel with the invention of the first practical pneumatic tyre, which was initially used for bicycles. Before this innovation, solid rubber tyres dominated, offering a harsh, bumpy, and uncomfortable ride.

The journey of tyre evolution continued, marked by several milestones such as Charles Goodyear's discovery of vulcanisation in 1839 and Frank Seiberling's invention of grooved tyres in 1908. Fast forward to the 21st century, where tyre technology has come a long way and has the privilege to focus on factors such as fuel efficiency, handling, and noise reduction.

In the realm of automobiles, tyres silently contribute to a smooth ride, and today, we are on a journey to learn about the best tyre brands in India in 2024 that continue to redefine durability, adaptability, and innovation. Join us as we explore the strengths and commitments of India's top tyre brands and empower you to make informed decisions for a safe and enjoyable driving experience.

Types of Car Tyres in India

The Indian automotive market is brimming with options and offers a wide variety of car tyres catering to different driving needs and preferences. Here's a breakdown of some of the most popular types of car tyres available in India:

1. Radial Tyres

Radial tyres

  • Radial tyres are the most prevalent type of car tyres in India, known for their exceptional stability, handling, and fuel efficiency
  • Their internal structure, with the cords running radially from the bead to the tread, provides superior performance on both dry and wet roads
  • These tyres are mostly used in passenger cars, SUVs, and trucks

2. Bias Ply Tyres

Bias Ply Tyres

  • Bias ply tyres were once the standard, but radial tyres have largely superseded them due to their superior performance
  • Bias ply tyres have a diagonal cord construction that makes them less stable and fuel-efficient
  • However, they are still used in some applications, such as older cars, trailers, and off-road vehicles, due to their durability and affordability

3. Tubeless Tyres

Tubeless Tyres

  • Tubeless tyres have become the norm in modern vehicles, offering several advantages over traditional tube-type tyres
  • They eliminate the risk of blowouts caused by tube punctures and provide better air retention, leading to improved fuel efficiency and longer tyre life
  • These tyres are used in most cars, SUVs, and trucks

4. Summer Tyres

Summer tyres

  • Summer tyres are designed for optimal performance in hot and arid conditions
  • They feature a tread pattern with fewer sipes (also known as keeps or slits), which are small grooves that enhance grip on rugged surfaces
  • Summer tyres provide superior handling and responsiveness, making them ideal for city driving and highway cruising
  • These tyres are also widely used in sports and luxury cars

4. Winter Tyres

Winter tyres

  • Winter tyres are specifically designed for cold and snowy conditions
  • Their tread pattern features more sipes to provide better grip on slippery surfaces
  • Winter tyres also use a softer rubber compound that remains flexible in cold temperatures, ensuring optimal traction
  • It is highly recommended for cars that are driven in snow or icy conditions

5. All-Season Tyres

All season tyres

  • All-season tyres are a versatile option that aims to provide adequate performance in a range of weather conditions
  • They feature a tread pattern that offers a balanced grip on dry, wet, and snowy surfaces
  • While not as specialised as summer or winter tyres, all-season tyres offer a sweet middle-ground for those who have to drive through moderate weather conditions throughout the year
  • These tyres are highly recommended for places like India with diverse driving conditions

6. Off-Road Tyres

Off road tyres

  • Off-road tyres are designed for rugged terrain and challenging driving conditions
  • They feature aggressive tread patterns with deep lugs (the raised patterns on the tyre tread) to provide superior grip on loose surfaces, such as mud, rocks, and sand
  • Off-road tyres are typically constructed with thicker sidewalls to withstand the challenges of off-road driving
  • These tyres are widely used in heavy-duty vehicles like SUVs, trucks, and jeeps

7. High-Performance Tyres

High-Performance Tyres

  • High-performance tyres are designed for vehicles that demand exceptional handling and responsiveness such as sports cars, luxury cars, and race cars
  • They feature a tread pattern that has been optimised for maximum grip and cornering performance
  • High-performance tyres often use specialised rubber compounds and construction techniques to achieve their superior performance

8. Run-Flat Tyres

Run-Flat Tyres

  • Run-flat tyres are designed to allow you to continue driving for a limited distance even after a puncture
  • They feature a reinforced sidewall that supports the vehicle's weight, allowing you to safely reach a service station or to a safer location 
  • These tyres are widely used in cars with tyre pressure monitoring systems (TPMS)

9. Eco Tyres

Eco tyre

  • Eco tyres are designed with fuel efficiency in mind
  • They feature a low rolling resistance tread pattern and optimised rubber compounds
  • This helps reduce energy loss during rolling, leading to improved fuel economy
  • These tyres are widely used in cars to help achieve better fuel efficiency

Also Read : Tyre speed ratings in India: A Complete Guide

Why is it Important to Know About Different Tyre Brands?

Understanding the significance of tyre brands in India is important for making informed decisions when purchasing the next set of tyres for your vehicle. Choosing a renowned tyre brand provides assurance of quality, innovation, reliability, and comprehensive support, ensuring a positive driving experience, and peace of mind.

Here's a breakdown of some of the most important reasons why you should know about the different tyre brands:

Quality and Safety

  • Reputable tyre brands are known for their commitment to quality and safety
  • They adhere to stringent manufacturing standards and invest heavily in research and development to produce tyres that meet or exceed industry standards
  • This dedication to quality ensures that your tyres are reliable and durable, and provide optimal performance in various driving conditions

Technology and Innovation

  • Leading tyre brands continuously innovate and incorporate cutting-edge technologies into their tyre designs
  • They use advanced materials, sophisticated tread patterns, and optimised compounds to create tyres that offer enhanced grip, fuel efficiency, and noise reduction
  • Choosing a tyre brand known for innovation ensures that you're benefiting from the latest advancements in tyre technology

Brand Reputation and Trust

  • Established tyre brands have built a strong reputation for reliability and performance over the years
  • Their brand name carries weight and trust among consumers, indicating a commitment to customer satisfaction and quality products
  • Opting for a renowned tyre brand provides peace of mind knowing that you're choosing a product backed by a trusted name

Product Range and Selection

  • Tyre brands offer a diverse range of tyre products catering to different vehicle types, driving styles, and budget requirements
  • From high-performance tyres for sports cars to durable all-terrain tyres for SUVs, you'll find a wide selection to suit your specific needs
  • Understanding the strengths and specialisations of different tyre brands empowers you to make an informed choice

After-sales Service and Support

  • Reputable tyre brands prioritise after-sales service and support
  • They provide a network of authorised dealers and service centres equipped to handle tyre-related issues, offering expert advice, maintenance services, and warranty support
  • Choosing a brand with a strong after-sales network ensures that you have access to reliable support when needed

Also Read : Nitrogen vs Normal Air in Tyres: Advantages and Disadvantages Explained

Top Tyre Brands In India

Here are the most popular tyre brands in India according to some of the industry reports published by organisations such as the Automotive Tyre Manufacturers Association (ATMA) and the Tyre Industry Conference (TIC). The following table provides some key details about some of the most popular and reliable tyre brands in India. 

Please note that the details about the market share figures and popular tyre models can change over time.

Tyre BrandHeadquartersCountry of Origin

Market Share

(in India)

Popular Models
MRF TyresKottayam, KeralaIndia20%ZVTS, ZVT2K, Wanderer, Performa Sport
Apollo TyresGurgaon, HaryanaIndia18%Amazer 3G Maxx, Apterra AT, Alnac 4G
JK TyresNew DelhiIndia15%Ultima X, Tyre Eagle X, Terra Hawk
CEAT TyresGurgaon, HaryanaIndia12%Milaze X3, CZAR RT, FuelAce
Michelin TyresClermont-FerrandFrance8%Pilot Sport 4, Primacy 4 ST, Energy XM2+
BridgestoneTokyoJapan7%Turanza T001, Ecopia EP150, Potenza S007A
Continental TyresHanoverGermany6%ContiSportContact 5, ContiCrossCountry RX, ContiEcoContact 5
Goodyear TyresAkron, OhioUnited States5%Eagle F1 Asymmetric 5, Wrangler AT/SA, EfficientGrip SUV
Dunlop TyresKobeJapan4%Sport Maxx RT2, SP Sport Maxx 050A, SP Streetmaxx RT2
Pirelli TyresMilanItaly3%Cinturato P7, Scorpion Verde All Season, P Zero Nero GT

Features of Top Tyres Brands in India

The top tyre brands have earned a wide customer base and unparalleled reputation because they consistently deliver products that excel in various performance aspects and cater to diverse driving conditions and preferences.

Here are some of the most significant features of the best tyre brands in India:

Durability and Longevity

  • Indian roads can be challenging, often posing hazards such as potholes and tough driving conditions
  • Top tyre brands like MRF, Apollo Tyres, JK Tyres, CEAT, and Michelin focus on manufacturing tyres that can withstand these harsh conditions, offering extended tread life and durability

Fuel Efficiency

  • With rising fuel costs, fuel efficiency has become a crucial factor for Indian consumers
  • Top tyre brands incorporate innovative technologies and designs to create tyres that minimise rolling resistance, leading to improved fuel economy and reduced fuel consumption

Handling and Performance

  • Experienced drivers often demand tyres that provide responsive handling and optimal performance, whether cruising on highways or navigating city streets
  • Top tyre brands are renowned for their high-performance tyres that deliver precise handling, excellent grip, and enhanced cornering capabilities

Comfort and Noise Reduction

  • Tyre noise can be a significant factor in overall driving comfort
  • Top tyre brands prioritise noise reduction technologies, ensuring that their tyres provide a quiet and comfortable ride experience

Safety and Reliability

  • Safety is very important for every driver and top tyre brands prioritise safety in their tyre designs
  • They often do this by incorporating features like enhanced wet grip, optimised tread patterns, and reinforced sidewalls to ensure optimal performance in various driving conditions

Also Read : Car Tyre Size & It’s Recommended Tyre Pressure | CARS24 

How to Choose the Right Tyre for Your Car?

Selecting the right tyres for your car is crucial for ensuring optimal performance, safety, longevity, and comfort. Here's how you can make an informed decision when buying your next set of tyres:

Consider Your Vehicle Type

  • The type of vehicle you drive, whether it's a sedan, SUV, or truck, should determine the type of tyre you buy
  • Each vehicle has specific tyre requirements based on its weight, size, and suspension characteristics

Understand Tyre Sizes

  • Tyre sizes are represented by a combination of numbers and letters, indicating the width, aspect ratio, rim diameter, and load index
  • Ensure the tyres you choose match the recommended sizes specified in your vehicle's owner's manual

Evaluate Tread Pattern

  • The tread pattern on a tyre plays a vital role in traction and handling
  • Choose a tread pattern that suits your driving style and road conditions
  • For example, if you frequently drive on off-road terrains, consider tyres with aggressive tread patterns

Consider Speed Rating

  • The speed rating, indicated by a letter code on the tyre sidewall, specifies the maximum speed at which the tyre is designed to perform safely
  • Choose a speed rating that matches or exceeds your vehicle's maximum speed

Assess the Load Index

  • The load index indicates the maximum weight each tyre can safely carry
  • Select a load index that meets or exceeds the maximum load your vehicle type is expected to carry

Research Different Tyre Brands

  • Different tyre brands offer different performance characteristics and come at different price points
  • Conduct thorough research to find brands that align with your budget and performance requirements

Consult a Professional

  • If you're unsure about the right tyres for your car, seek help from a reputable tyre dealer or mechanic
  • They can assess your vehicle's needs and provide expert recommendations

Common Tyre Problems and How to Fix Them

Tyres are susceptible to various problems that can affect performance and compromise your safety on the roads. Here are some of the most common tyre problems and their potential solutions:


  • Underinflated tyres lead to increased wear and tear, reduced fuel efficiency, and compromised handling
  • Regularly check tyre pressure using a gauge and inflate them to the recommended level, as indicated on the tyre placard or owner's manual


  • Overinflated tyres can cause a harsh ride, reduced traction, and increased susceptibility to damage
  • Maintain the recommended tyre pressure to ensure optimal performance and safety

Uneven Wear

  • Uneven wear patterns, such as bald patches or excessive wear on one side, indicate alignment or suspension issues
  • Consult a qualified mechanic to promptly and effectively address the underlying problem

Bulges and Cracks

  • Bulges or cracks on the tyre's sidewall indicate structural damage and pose a serious safety risk
  • Replace the affected tyre immediately to prevent a blowout


  • Punctures, caused by sharp objects penetrating the tyre, can lead to air loss and sudden deflation
  • If a puncture is small and localised, a temporary repair using a tyre plug or sealant may suffice
  • However, for larger or multiple punctures, a tyre replacement is highly recommended

Valve Leaks

  • Leaky valves can cause slow air loss and affect tyre pressure and performance 
  • Replace the valve cap or have the valve serviced to prevent air loss


  • Like everything else, car tyres also have a limited lifespan, and over time, the rubber can degrade, leading to cracks and reduced performance
  • It is advisable to replace tyres after five to six years, even if they appear to be in good condition

Also Read : Preventing Tyre Burst: Understanding Its Dangers and How to Avoid It

The Bottom Line

As we conclude our exploration of the best tyre brands in India, we should revel in the glory of transportation history, from the invention of the wheel in Mesopotamia to John Boyd Dunlop's groundbreaking pneumatic tyre. 

Today, tyres play an important role in ensuring a safe, comfortable, and efficient ride. Understanding the types of car tyres and the features of top brands helps us make informed choices, considering factors like durability, fuel efficiency, and safety. 

Remember, the right tyre selection involves assessing your vehicle type, understanding tyre sizes, and researching various brands. From preventing common tyre problems to knowing when to replace them, this blog is your go-to guide for a smooth and safe journey on India's roads. Choose wisely, drive safely, and explore the roads that you've always wanted to explore!


Q. Which are the top 5 tyre companies in India?

The top 5 tyre brands in India, known for their quality and market share, include MRF Tyres, Apollo Tyres, JK Tyres, CEAT Tyres, and Michelin Tyres. These brands have consistently demonstrated excellence and innovation in the tyre industry.

Q. Which tyres last the longest in India?

Tyre longevity can vary, but brands such as MRF, Apollo, and Michelin are known for producing durable tyres with extended tread life. Regular maintenance, proper inflation, and avoiding overloading contribute to the longevity of tyres in India.

Q. What is the use of rotating tyres?

Rotating tyres involves periodically swapping their positions on a vehicle to ensure even wear. This practice helps extend the lifespan of tyres, improves fuel efficiency, and enhances overall safety by maintaining consistent traction.

Q. What should I consider when buying tyres for a car in India?

When buying tyres for a car in India, consider factors such as your vehicle type, tyre size, tread pattern suitable for road conditions, speed rating matching your vehicle's capabilities, and load index meeting your car's weight requirements.

Q. Which brand offers better tyres: CEAT or MRF?

The choice between CEAT and MRF depends on specific preferences and needs. Both brands are reputable, but comparing specific tyre models based on factors like performance, durability, and price will help determine which brand offers better tyres for your particular requirements.

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