Electric cars are fast becoming all the rage, what with their improved range and higher purchasing power of an average car buyer. Of course, factors like reduction in battery costs and wider charging infrastructure have also helped. However, there’s still a lot that people need to know about these vehicles. In case you’re someone who wonders how electric cars work and how they’re different from hybrids, then read on.
Electric cars don’t consume even a single drop of fossil fuel. They need to be charged by plugging them into a charging point, just like you recharge your smartphone or a laptop. They come equipped with rechargeable batteries that power an electric motor that, in turn, powers the wheels. In fact, an electric car is generally quicker than a similarly priced ICE-equipped vehicle.
To charge an electric car, all you need to do is to plug it into a charging station or a charger in your home or at a public place. With time, electric car chargers are becoming more common as several malls, offices, and food joints have installed them in their respective premises. How often do you require to charge your electric depends on the kind of use and the range of the vehicle. In all, there are 3 different types of charging speeds –
There is a handful of types of electric cars. While the ones that run completely on electricity are called pure electric vehicles, the ones that can even run on fossil fuel are called hybrid electric vehicles. Given below are a few common types –
On average, an electric car has 90% fewer moving components than a car running on fossil fuel. Below are the most important components of electric cars –
Just like a conventional car has a fuel tank that stores fossil fuel, electric cars have batteries that store the charge. Battery capacity is measured in kWh (kilowatt-hour). Kilowatts (kW) is the unit of power that shows the electric energy a device needs to work. Meanwhile, kilowatt-hour (kWh) is the unit of energy that shows the amount of energy that has been consumed. On average, an electric car consumes around 2,000 kWh of energy in a year.
|Much higher efficiency||Limited by range|
|Zero emissions||Charging takes longer than fuelling up|
|It could be easier to maintain due to lesser running parts||Expensive|
Like everything, electric cars have their pros and cons, though you would want to overlook the cons the moment you realise they have zero tailpipe emissions. Other than this huge advantage, electric cars even have much lesser power loss, and they are also easier to maintain owing to the lesser running components an electric powertrain carries. On the other hand, electric cars are limited by range. Unfortunately, India still has a long way to go when it comes to EV-charging infrastructure. Also, charging an electric car takes longer than tanking up a conventional car. Finally, they are even costlier to buy. However, it’s expected that with time, the challenges that EV owners face right now will cease to exist.
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