Hypothecation Termination : How to Remove Hypothecation from RC Online

Rahul Jha
Rahul Jha

Updated on: 19th December, 2023 IST

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RC Transfer : How To Transfer Ownership Of Vehicle in Chennai
Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the RTO Hypothecation Removal Process. If you're an Indian vehicle owner looking to remove hypothecation from your Registration Certificate (RC), you've come to the right place. In this blog, we'll walk you through the step-by-step process of removing hypothecation from your RC, all from the convenience of your own home. Gone are the days of lengthy paperwork and countless visits to the Regional Transport Office (RTO). Now, you can easily remove hypothecation from your RC online. We'll cover the online process in detail, including the necessary documents, fees, and the specific steps you need to follow. So, whether you're seeking information on RTO hypothecation removal, want to understand the fees involved, or are simply looking for a hassle-free way to remove hypothecation from your RC, keep reading. Let's get started!

What is The Definition Of Hypothecation?

Hypothecation refers to a legal term that is commonly used in the context of financing and loans. It essentially involves pledging an asset, such as a vehicle or property, as collateral for a loan. In simpler terms, when you hypothecate an asset, you are using it as security to obtain a loan or credit. When a borrower hypothecates an asset, they give the lender a right or interest in that asset. This means that if the borrower fails to repay the loan as agreed, the lender has the legal authority to take possession of the hypothecated asset and sell it to recover the outstanding amount. In the case of vehicles, hypothecation is typically seen when purchasing a car or bike through a loan. The ownership of the vehicle remains with the borrower, but the lender's name is added to the Registration Certificate (RC) as the hypothecation holder. This serves as a safeguard for the lender, ensuring that they have a legal claim to the vehicle until the loan is fully repaid. In simpler terms, hypothecation is a legal arrangement where an asset is pledged as collateral for a loan, providing security for the lender and allowing the borrower to obtain financing. Please note that some banks automatically remove hypothecation at the end of loan tenure as a standard practice to simplify the process for customers. However, it's important to note that the terms and conditions for automatic hypothecation removal may vary for different banks.

Documents Needed to Remove Hypothecation

To remove hypothecation from your vehicle after completing the auto loan, certain documents need to be submitted to the RTO. Here are the essential documents required:
  • No Objection Certificate (NOC)
The NOC serves as proof that the hypothecation agreement between the bank and the loan account holder has been fulfilled. It is a crucial document requested by the RTO to remove the hypothecation remark from the Registration Certificate.
  • Form No. 35
This form is a formal request submitted to the RTO to revoke the hypothecation. It also acts as confirmation that the loan with the bank has been completely paid off.
  • Valid Insurance Policy
It is necessary to provide a valid car insurance policy to complete the hypothecation removal process. This ensures that the vehicle remains adequately insured even after the hypothecation is terminated.
  • Pollution Under Control Certificate (PUCC)
The RTO requires the PUCC of the vehicle as part of the hypothecation removal process. This certificate demonstrates compliance with pollution control norms. Once the auto loan is settled, the lender will provide the necessary documents, including the NOC. It's important to note that the NOC is only valid for three months from the date of issue. Therefore, it is advisable to initiate the application process with the RTO before the NOC expires.

Steps To Remove Hypothecation From RC After Car Loan Closure

There are two ways you can remove the hypothecation from your RC after car loan closure. You can either opt for the conventional way of doing it in person, or you can do it online. 

RTO Hypothecation Removal Process Offline 

  • Step 1: Collect the required documents from the lender/bank
  • Step 2: Once you have collected all the required documents, you need to visit the RTO office in your jurisdiction. 
  • Step 3: Once you are at the RTO office, you need to apply for hypothecation removal. The application form is available at the RTO office, or you can download it from the RTO website
  • Step 4: Once you have submitted the application and paid the fee, the RTO will issue a new RC smart card without the hypothecation details. The process usually takes a few weeks
Here are some additional things to keep in mind:
  • You cannot sell or transfer the vehicle until the hypothecation is removed from the RC
  • If you are selling the vehicle, the buyer will need to ensure that the hypothecation is removed from the RC before they can take ownership of the vehicle
  • If you are planning to export the vehicle, you will need to remove the hypothecation from the RC before you can export it

RTO Hypothecation Removal Process Online

  • Step 1: Collect the required documents
  • Step 2: The next step is to visit the Parivahan Seva website. This is the official website of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India
  • Step 3: If you have an existing account on the Parivahan Seva website, you can log in using your username and password. If you do not have an account, you will need to create one
  • Step 4: Once you are logged in, you need to select the "Hypothecation Removal" service. This service will allow you to remove the hypothecation from your RC online
  • Step 5: Now you need to upload the scanned copies of the required documents
  • Step 6: Pay the fee. There is a nominal fee for removing hypothecation from RC online. The fee varies from state to state. You can pay the fee using a credit card, debit card, or net banking
  • Step 7: Once you have uploaded the required documents and paid the fee, you need to submit the application. The application will be processed within a few days
  • Step 8: Once the application is processed, the RTO will issue a new RC smart card without the hypothecation details. The new RC smart card will be sent to your address by post
Here are some additional things to keep in mind:
  • You will need to have a valid email address and mobile number to apply for hypothecation removal online
  • You will need to scan all the documents properly
  • The process of removing hypothecation from RC online may take a few days, so you need to be a little patient

Benefits and Importance of Hypothecation Termination or Removal from RC

Terminating hypothecation from your RC not only grants you full ownership and flexibility but also enhances the value and marketability of your vehicle. It is an essential step towards enjoying all the benefits associated with a hypothecation-free vehicle. Let's explore the advantages of hypothecation termination:
  • Ownership and Freedom
Once hypothecation is removed from the RC, you regain complete ownership of your vehicle. This means you have the freedom to sell, transfer, or modify your vehicle without any restrictions imposed by the lender.
  • Clear Title
Removing hypothecation ensures that your vehicle has a clear title. This is crucial when it comes to selling or transferring ownership, as it assures buyers that there are no pending liabilities or encumbrances associated with the vehicle.
  • Lower Insurance Premiums
With hypothecation terminated, you can choose an insurance policy that suits your needs and preferences. This flexibility allows you to explore different insurance providers and potentially secure a policy with lower premiums.
  • Enhanced Resale Value
A vehicle without hypothecation carries a higher resale value in the market. Buyers prefer vehicles with clear titles, making it easier for you to negotiate a better price when selling your vehicle.
  • Simplified Documentation
Removing hypothecation eliminates the need for additional documentation related to the lender's involvement. This streamlines future transactions and reduces paperwork burdens.

The Bottom Line

In conclusion, removing hypothecation from your RC is a significant milestone for vehicle owners. It grants you complete ownership, freedom, and a clear title for your vehicle. With reduced paperwork, lower insurance premiums, and enhanced resale value, the benefits are plentiful.  By following the simple steps outlined in this guide, you can easily navigate the hypothecation removal process and enjoy the advantages that come with it. So, take the necessary action, free your vehicle from encumbrances, and unlock a world of possibilities. Experience the joy of owning a hypothecation-free vehicle today!

FAQs

Q: What is the hypothecation charge? A: The hypothecation charge is a nominal fee that is charged by the RTO for removing the hypothecation from the RC. The fee varies from state to state. Q: Is it necessary to remove hypothecation from RC? A: Yes, it is necessary to remove hypothecation from RC if you want to sell or transfer the vehicle. The hypothecation is a security interest that the lender has on the vehicle, and if you sell or transfer the vehicle without removing the hypothecation, the lender could still repossess the vehicle. Q: What is the best way to see if a car is still financed? A: The best way to see if a car is still financed is to check the RC. The RC will show if the vehicle is hypothecated to a lender. You can also check the VIN of the vehicle on the National Motor Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS) website. Q: Can I sell my vehicle without hypothecation? A: No, you cannot sell your vehicle without removing the hypothecation from the RC. The buyer will not be able to register the vehicle in their name if the hypothecation is not removed. Q: Is hypothecation a loan? A: Hypothecation is not a loan. It is a security interest that the lender has on the vehicle. The lender can use the hypothecation to secure the loan, but the lender does not own the vehicle.

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