As is common knowledge, breaking traffic rules is not only illegal but even dangerous to the safety of road users. Hence, it’s not surprising to see the authorities imposing penalties on traffic rule violators, with the severity of the punishment varying as per the nature of the offence. The consequences of breaking a traffic law could vary from a fine of a few hundred rupees to disqualification of the driving licence and, in some cases, even imprisonment.
Also read – Traffic Signs in India – Road Safety Signs
The penalties for traffic rule violations are revised every few years and in line with this, the punishments have been revised just a few months back. Here are all the details you should know about the new traffic rules and fines in India.
Other than the traffic signs that you can see on the side of the roads to remind you of some of the basic rules, there are many other things that you, as a driver, need to follow. These have been mentioned below-
With an increased number of vehicles on the road, the Government of India recently made amendments to the Motor Vehicle Act in order to update the traffic rules. The new traffic rules are already under implementation in all parts of the country to a varying degree. Hence, drivers should be aware of these rules and not violate any of them. The new traffic rules are as follows:
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All the Traffic Rules in India are defined as per the New Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019. As we said, the rules and fines were last revised a few months back and have gotten more stringent than ever before. Basically, there has been a steep increase in the publishments both in monetary and imprisonment terms.
For example, in case you are caught driving without a valid insurance for your motor vehicle, the earlier penalty of Rs 1,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months has been changed to a fine of Rs 2,000 and/or imprisonment of up to Rs 3 months for the first-time offence. Subsequently, the punishment is increased to a fine of Rs 4,000 and/or imprisonment of 3 months. A similar increase in severity has been witnessed even with other penalties as per the new Traffic Rules and Fines for violating them. Here is a table of all the required details-
|Offence||New Penalty (From September 2019)||Old Penalty|
|General Offence||First-Time- Rs.500|
|Road Rules Violation||Rs.500 to Rs.1,000||Nil|
|Travel without ticket||Rs.500||Rs.200|
|Disobeying orders of Authorities/Refusing to Share Demanded Information||Rs.2,000||Rs.500|
|Driving an Unauthorized Vehicle without License||Rs.5,000||Rs.1,000|
|Driving Without License||Rs.5,000||Rs.500|
|Driving With Disqualified License||Rs.10,000||Rs.500|
|Overspeeding||Light Motor Vehicle:|
Rs.1,000 to Rs.2,000
Medium Passenger or Goods Vehicle:
Rs.2,000 to Rs.4,000 and impounding of DL for the Subsequent or Second-Time Offence.
|Rash Driving||First-Time Offence: |
Imprisonment of 6 Months to 1 Year and/or Fine of Rs.1,000 to Rs.5,000
Imprisonment of up to 2 years and/or Fine up to Rs.10,000.
|Driving Under Influence of Alcohol or Intoxicating Substance||First-Time Offence: |
Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 6 months.
Rs.15,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 2 years.
|Driving Oversized Vehicles without permission||Rs.5,000||Nil|
|Driving When Mentally/Physically Unfit||First-Time Offence: Rs.1,000|
Second-Time Offence: Rs.2,000
|Accident Related Offences||First-Time Offence: |
Rs.5,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 6 months.
Rs,10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 1 Year.
|Driving Uninsured Vehicle (without valid Insurance)||First-Time Offence: |
Rs.2,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 3 months.
Rs.4,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 3 months.
|Rs.1,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 3 months.|
|Racing and Speed-testing||First-Time Offence: |
Rs.5,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 3 months.
Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 1 year.
|Vehicle Without Permit||Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 6 months.||Up to Rs.5,000|
|Aggregators (Violations of Licensing Conditions)||Rs.25,000 to Rs.1 lakh||Nil|
|Overloading||Rs.20,000 and Rs.2,000 per extra tonne||Rs.2,000 and Rs.1,000 per extra tonne|
|Overloading of Passengers||Rs.1,000 per extra passenger||Nil|
|Not Wearing Seatbelt||Rs.1,000||Rs.100|
|Overloading of Two-Wheelers||Rs.2,000 and Disqualification of License for 3 months||Rs.100|
|Not Wearing Helmet||Rs.1,000 and Disqualification of License for 3 months||Rs.100|
|Not Providing Way for Emergency Vehicles||Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of 6 months||Nil|
|Offences by Juveniles||Rs.25,000 with Imprisonment of 3 years for which the Guardian / Owner shall be deemed to be guilty.||Nil|
|Power of Officers to Impound Documents||Suspension of DL under Section 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E||Nil|
|Offences Committed by Enforcing Officers||Double the Penalty under Relevant Section||Nil|
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Regardless to say, driving under the influence of alcohol or substance is a serious offence as it poses a threat to the safety of self and that of other road users. This is due to the fact that chances of a mishap increase by many times in case the driver is not alert due to the intoxication. Hence, as per the new traffic rules and fines, the offender is liable to some serious punishment, which varies as per the alcohol level found in the blood. Similarly, there has been a higher publishment/penalty for most other serious offences. The details have been listed out below-
In case you are caught driving without licence, you can be fined for Rs 5,000. This is a ten-fold increase from the earlier fine of Rs 500.
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As per the new traffic rules and fines, which came into action through the amendment of motor vehicle act 2019, the penalty for driving without insurance for the motor vehicle has been increased from Rs 1,000 and /or imprisonment of up to 3 months to Rs 2,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the first-time offenders and Rs 4,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the second-time offenders.
In case your driving license has been disqualified and you are caught driving, you will have to pay a fine of Rs 10,000. This has been hiked fro Rs 500 previously.
Regardless to say, driving under the influence of alcohol or substance is a serious offence as it poses a threat to the safety of self and that of other road users. This is due to the fact that chances of a mishap increase by many times in case the driver is not alert due to the intoxication. Hence, as per the new traffic rules and fines, the offender is liable to some serious punishment, which varies as per the alcohol level found in the blood. The details have been listed out below-
|Alcohol Levels||New Penalty||Old Penalty|
|Exceeding 30 mg per 100 ml of Blood||First-Time Offence: |
Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 6 months.
Rs.15,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 2 years
The traffic fine for riding a two-wheeler without wearing a helmet has been increased from Rs 100 to Rs.1,000.
Also Read : Challan for Driving Without Helmet in India
Racing and speed-testing on public roads is a publishable offence and its fine has been increased from Rs.500 to Rs.5,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the first-time offence and Rs.10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 1 year for repeat offenders.
There is no punishment to the juvenile for this but the owner of the vehicle or the guardian has to pay a fine of Rs.25,000 with imprisonment of 3 years.
While there was no penalty for this offence, the new fine is double the penalty under the relevant section.
In case you are found having two or more driving licenses, you can be penalized. Also, from now, all driving licences that are to be issued will have a smart chip that can be accessed by the traffic police through a QR code.
Also Read : Road Safety Rules in India – Road Safety Tips
The Motor Vehicles Amendment Act got into controversy soon after it was released, with many states opposing the decision of the Centre to impose heavier fines. However, most of the states wholeheartedly welcomed the move. Here is a list of states that have implemented new traffic fines –
|Andaman and Nicobar||Andhra Pradesh||Karnataka|
|Daman and Diu||Assam||Meghalaya|
|Dadar and Nagar Haveli||Bihar||Mizoram|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Haryana||Sikkim|
|Ladakh||Himachal Pradesh||Tamil Nadu|
Still, many state governments, including the BJP-ruled Gujarat, were against th heavier fines. Here is a list of states which have not implemented the Motor Vehicles Amendment Act.
There are some states that had implemented the new traffic fines at first but later revised them. Here is the list of these vehicles-
|State Name||Revised Traffic Fines|
|Gujarat||The BJP-led state accepted the new fines at first but reduced them at a later stage, with penalties going down by 25-90 per cent. This was done on the grounds of “humanitarian and compassionate”.|
|Uttarakhand||The Uttarakhand Government earlier accepted the fines but then reduced them. For example, the fine for driving without a valid license was brought down from Rs 10,000 to Rs. 5,000.|
|Karnataka||The Karnataka Government reduced their fines of 18 offences by 30% to 50%. For example, penalties for driving without wearing a seatbelt was reduced from Rs 1,000 to Rs. 500.|
|Goa||Initially, Goa decided to postpone the implementation of the new traffic fines but later revised the penalties of some offences.|
|Odisha||While the new traffic rules were earlier implemented, the state government later relaxed some of these penalties.|
|Haryana||Like others, even Haryana implemented the amendments under the new Motor Vehicles Act but later “slowed down” the fines. However, the traffic officials are new educating the riders and drivers with these new amendments.|
The only state that had implemented the traffic fines but later put them on hold is that of Telangana. The Chief Minister of the state of Telangana has asked the Regional Transport Authority (RTA) to first study the result of the higher penalties in other states and then decide the fines for the state of Telangana.
A: An Assistant Sub-inspector or a traffic police branch officer of above rank is authorized to collect traffic violation fines on the spot of issuing the challan.
A: As per the Section 177 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, a driver can be fined for using a mobile phone while driving if it causes inconvenience or poses a risk to the safety of other road users. While the fine was earlier Rs 100 to Rs 300, it has been now increased to Rs 1,000, while the compounding fee is Rs 500.
A: There have been incidents where a traffic police office has flagged down a car in which the front passenger has been using a mobile phone. Therefore, there are many who have asked if it is legal for passengers of the vehicle to use a mobile phone while the vehicle is being driven. Basically, if your co-passenger answers the call for you and puts it on speaker model to let you use the phone without having to hold it, the same is liable for a fine as it leads to distraction.
A: No, there is no exemption provided to anyone for usage of the mobile phone. In case you’re a practising doctor and need to attend an urgent call, you should pull over and start using the mobile phone only after you’ve made a legal stop.
A: Both the driver and the person seated in front of the vehicle must wear seat belts while the car is in motion.
A: You need to carry your Driving License, Registration Certificate, Tax Paid Receipt, Emission Test Certificate and Insurance Certificate al the time. In case of a transport vehicle, you are also required to carry a Fitness Certificate and Permit.
A: In case a vehicle is left unattended or abandoned in a way that it causes inconvenience to others or if it is parked in an unauthorized parking zone, it can be towed away.
A: In case you are caught driving drunk, the penalty for it is Rs.10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months for a first-time offence and Rs.15,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 2 years for a subsequent offence. This fine will be required to be paid in the court.
A: A warrant will be issued if you do not appear in the court and may lead to arrest and stricter penalties.
A: In case you are caught driving a vehicle without insurance, there is a fine of Rs 2,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the first time offence, and of Rs 4,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the second instance.
A: No, you cannot have two driving licences in India. As per the new Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act 2019, one can be fined heavily if he or she is found to possess two or more driving licenses.
A: If you’re found drinking and driving a vehicle, the penalty for such violations is Rs.10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months for a first-time offence and Rs.15,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 2 years for second-time offence. You’ll have to pay the fine in the court as they empowered to impose the fine.
A: As per the new traffic rules and fines, the fine for driving without insurance for the motor vehicle is Rs 1,000 and /or imprisonment of up to 3 months to Rs 2,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the first-time offenders and Rs 4,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the subsequent offences.
A: As per the official notification issued by the central government on 28 August 2019, the 63 clauses of the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act,2019 came into force from 1 September 2019.
A: Penalty for overspeeding in a Light Motor Vehicle is Rs.1,000 to Rs.2,000, while it is Rs 2,000 to Rs 4,000 and impounding of the driving license for subsequent offence when driving a Medium Passenger or Goods Vehicle.
A: The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019 is based on the recommendations made by the Group of Transport Ministers of States. Given that the Act wanted to deter individuals from violating traffic rules, it has introduced heavy fines for drunken driving, driving without a licence, dangerous driving, over-speeding, etc.